Stretches

September 15, 2017 | Author: AlisaClark | Category: Foot, Elbow, Shoulder, Knee, Anatomical Terms Of Motion
Share Embed Donate


Short Description

stretch...

Description

Lower Body Stretches Lying Cross-over Knee Pull-down Stretch Lie on your back and cross one leg over the other. Bring your foot up to your opposite knee and with your opposite arm pull your raised knee towards the ground.

Tensor faciae latae Gluteus medius Gluteus minimus Iliotibial band Gluteus maximus

Sports injury where stretch may be useful Lower back muscle strain. Lower back ligament sprain. Iliotibial band syndrome.

Standing Leg-up Hamstring Stretch Stand upright and raise one leg on to an object. Keep that leg straight Semitendinosus and your Semimembranosus toes pointing Soleus Gastrocnemius straight up. Lean forward while keeping your back straight. Sports injury where stretch may be useful Lower back muscle strain. Lower back ligament sprain. Hamstring strain. Calf strain.

Standing Leg Tuck Hip Stretch Stand beside a chair or table and place the foot furthest from the object onto the object. Relax your leg, lean forward and bend your other leg, lowering yourself toward the ground. Piriformis Gemellus superior Gemellus inferior Obturator internus Quadratus femoris Obturator externus

Sports injury where stretch may be useful Piriformis syndrome. Snapping hip syndrome. Trochanteric bursitis.

Sitting Knee-to-chest Buttocks Stretch Biceps femoris

Gluteus maximus

Iliotibial band Semimembranosus Semitendinosus

Sit with one leg straight and the other leg crossed over your knee. Pull the raised knee toward your opposite shoulder while keeping your back straight and your shoulders facing forward.

Sports injury where stretch may be useful Lower back muscle strain. Lower back ligament sprain. Hamstring strain. Iliotibial band syndrome.

Sitting Cross-legged Reach Forward Stretch Sit cross-legged and keep your back straight. Then gently lean forward.

Gluteus maximus Piriformis Gemellus superior Gemellus inferior Obturator internus Obturator externus

Sports injury where stretch may be useful Piriformis syndrome. Groin strain. Tendonitis of the adductor muscles. Snapping hip syndrome. Trochanteric bursitis.

Single Heel Drop Calf Stretch

Stretching is a simple and effective activity that helps to enhance athletic performance, decrease the likelihood of soft tissue injury and minimize muscle soreness. Other benefits include: improved range of movement; increased power; improved posture; and improved co-ordination.

Stand on a raised object or step. Put the toes of one foot on the edge of the step and keep your leg straight. Let your heel drop toward the ground.

The Rules for Safe Stretching Slowly get into the stretch position and then hold each stretch for a minimum of 20 seconds. Remember, stretching can be extremely dangerous and harmful if done incorrectly, so please adhere to the following rules. • Never stretch an injury, or damaged soft tissue. • Warm-up prior to stretching. • Stretch before and after exercise. • Stretch all major muscles and their opposing muscle groups. • Stretch gently and slowly. • Stretch only to the point of tension. • Breathe slowly and easily while stretching. All text and drawings taken from The Anatomy of Stretching by Brad Walker. Lotus Publishing, ISBN 978-1-905367-03-0. www.AnatomyOfStretching.com

On-your-side Quad Stretch Lie on your side and pull your top leg behind your buttocks. Keep your knees together and push your hips forward. This position can put undue pressure on the knee joint and ligaments, so take care if you have a knee injury. Quadriceps Vastus medialis

Vastus Vastus intermedius lateralis

Rectus femoris

Sports injury where stretch may be useful Hip flexor strain. Avulsion fracture in the pelvic area. Osteitis pubis. Iliopsoas tendonitis. Trochanteric bursitis. Quadriceps strain. Quadriceps tendonitis. Patellofemoral pain syndrome. Patellar tendonitis. Subluxing kneecap.

Kneeling Heel-down Achilles Stretch

Sports injury where stretch may be useful Calf strain. Achilles tendon strain. Achilles tendonitis. Medial tibial pain syndrome (shin splints).

Single Heel Drop Achilles Stretch Stand on a raised object or step and place the toes of one of your feet on the edge of the step. Bend your leg and let your heel drop toward the ground.

Soleus Peroneus brevis Flexor hallucis longus

Sports injury where stretch may be useful Calf strain. Achilles tendon strain. Achilles tendonitis. Medial tibial pain syndrome (shin splints). Posterior tibial tendonitis.

Leaning Heel Back Achilles Stretch Pectineus Adductor brevis

Adductor longus Adductor magnus Gracilis

Psoas major Iliacus Iliopsoas

Flexor hallucis longus Peroneus brevis

Peroneus longus Tibialis posterior Flexor digitorum longus

Squatting Leg-out Adductor Stretch Stand with your feet wide apart. Keep one leg straight and toes facing forward while

Plantaris Peroneus longus Gastrocnemius

bending the other leg and turning your toes out to the side. Lower your groin toward the ground and rest your hands on the bent knee or the ground. Sports injury where stretch may be useful Avulsion fracture in the pelvic area. Groin strain. Osteitis pubis. Piriformis syndrome. Tendonitis of the adductor muscles. Trochanteric bursitis.

Stand upright while leaning against a wall and place one foot behind the other. Make sure that your toes are facing forward and your heel is on the ground. Bend your back leg and lean toward the wall.

Sports injury where stretch may be useful Calf strain. Achilles tendon strain. Achilles tendonitis. Medial tibial pain syndrome (shin splints). Posterior tibial tendonitis.

Stand upright and lean against a wall. Place one foot as far from the wall as is comfortable and make sure that your toes are facing forward and your heel is on the ground. Keep your back leg straight and lean Plantaris Tibialis posterior toward Gastrocnemius Peroneus longus the Peroneus brevis wall.

Sitting Feet Together Adductor Stretch

Sports injury where stretch may be useful Calf strain. Achilles tendon strain. Achilles tendonitis. Medial tibial pain syndrome (Shin splints)

Tibialis posterior Soleus Flexor digitorum longus Flexor hallucis longus

Sit with the soles of your feet together and bring your feet toward your groin. Hold onto your ankles and push your knee Adductor toward the ground with brevis Adductor your elbows. Keep longus your back straight and upright. Pectineus Gracilis

Front Cross-over Shin Stretch Stand upright and place the top of your toes on the ground in front of your other foot. Slowly bend your other leg to force your ankle to the ground. Tibialis anterior

Peroneus brevis

Sports injury where stretch may be useful Calf strain. Achilles tendon strain. Achilles tendonitis. Medial tibial pain syndrome (shin splints). Posterior tibial tendonitis.

Leaning Heel Back Calf Stretch

Kneel on one foot and place your body weight over your knee. Keep your heel on the ground and lean forward.

Tibialis posterior Peroneus longus Soleus Flexor hallucis longus

Kneeling Quad Stretch

Psoas major Psoas minor Iliacus Sartorius

Kneel on one foot and the other knee. If needed, hold on to something to keep your Rectus femoris balance. Push Vastus lateralis your hips forward.

Sports injury where stretch may be useful Hip flexor strain. Avulsion fracture in the pelvic area. Osteitis pubis. Iliopsoas tendonitis. Trochanteric bursitis. Quadriceps strain. Quadriceps tendonitis.

Standing Leg Cross Abductor Stretch Stand upright and cross one foot behind the other. Lean toward the foot that is behind the other. If necessary, hold onto Gluteus minimus something for balance. Gluteus medius Tensor fasciae latae Sartorius

Sports injury where stretch may be useful Trochanteric bursitis. Iliotibial band syndrome.

Extensor hallucis longus Extensor digitorum longus tendons

Adductor magnus

Sports injury where stretch may be useful Avulsion fracture in the pelvic area. Groin strain. Osteitis pubis. Piriformis syndrome. Tendonitis of the adductor muscles. Trochanteric bursitis.

US$19.97

Sports injury where stretch may be useful Anterior compartment syndrome. Medial tibial pain syndrome (shin splints). Ankle sprain. Peroneal tendon subluxation. Peroneal tendonitis.

www.TheStretchingInstitute.com

Neck, Back and Core Stretches Lying Knee Roll-over Stretch Lie on your back, keep your knees together and raise them slightly. Keep your arms out to the side and then let your back and hips rotate with your knees.

Stretching is a simple and effective activity that helps to enhance athletic performance, decrease the likelihood of soft tissue injury and minimize muscle soreness. Other benefits include: improved range of movement; increased power; improved posture; and improved co-ordination.

Forward Flexion Neck Stretch Longissimus capitis Levator scapulae Semispinalis capitis Splenius capitis Semispinalis cervicis Longissimus cervicis Splenius cervicis Rhomboid minor Rhomboid major Spinalis thoracis

Iliotibial band

The Rules for Safe Stretching Slowly get into the stretch position and then hold each stretch for a minimum of 20 seconds. Remember, stretching can be extremely dangerous and harmful if done incorrectly, so please adhere to the following rules.

Iliocostalis lumborum Gluteus medius Gluteus minimus Gluteus maximus

Sports injury where stretch may be useful Lower back muscle strain. Lower back ligament sprain. Iliotibial band syndrome.

Kneeling Reach Forward Stretch Kneel on the ground and reach forward with your hands. Let your head fall forward and push your buttocks towards your feet. Latissimus dorsi Serratus anterior Teres major

Sports injury where stretch may be useful Lower back muscle strain. Lower back ligament sprain.

Reach-up Back Stretch

• Never stretch an injury, or damaged soft tissue. • Warm-up prior to stretching. • Stretch before and after exercise. • Stretch all major muscles and their opposing muscle groups. • Stretch gently and slowly. • Stretch only to the point of tension. • Breathe slowly and easily while stretching. All text and drawings taken from The Anatomy of Stretching by Brad Walker. Lotus Publishing, ISBN 978-1-905367-03-0. www.AnatomyOfStretching.com

Kneeling Back Arch Stretch

Kneeling Back Rotation Stretch

Kneel on your hands and knees. Look up and let your back slump downwards. Then let your head fall forward and arch Splenius cervicis your back upwards.

Kneel on the ground and raise one arm. Then rotate your shoulders and middle back while looking upwards.

Spinalis thoracis Longissimus thoracis

Stand with your arms crossed over and then raise them above your head. Reach up as far as you can.

Transversus abdominis Gluteus maximus

Longissimus thoracis Semispinalis thoracis Iliocostalis lumborum

Rectus abdominis

Brachialis Triceps brachii Deltoid

Sports injury where stretch may be useful Neck muscle strain. Whiplash. Cervical nerve stretch syndrome. Wryneck.

Rotating Neck Stretch Stand upright while keeping your shoulders still and your head up. Slowly rotate your chin towards your shoulder.

Longissimus cervicis

Sports injury where stretch may be useful Neck muscle strain. Whiplash. Cervical nerve stretch syndrome. Wryneck. Upper back muscle strain. Upper back ligament sprain.

Standing Back Rotation Stretch Stand with your feet shoulderwidth apart. Place your hands across your chest while keeping your back and shoulders upright. Slowly rotate your shoulders to one side.

Sports injury where stretch may be useful Neck muscle strain. Whiplash. Cervical nerve stretch syndrome. Wryneck. Back muscle strain. Back ligament sprain.

Standing Lateral Side Stretch Stand with your feet about shoulderwidth apart and look forward. Keep your body upright and slowly bend to the left or right. Rotatores Quadratus lumborum Intertransversarii Multifidus

Pectoralis major

Sports injury where stretch may be useful Back muscle strain. Back ligament sprain. Abdominal muscle strain (obliques).

Sitting Bent-over Back Stretch Sit on the ground with your legs straight out in front or at 45 degrees apart. Keep your toes pointing upwards and rest your arms by your side or on your lap. Relax your back and neck and then let your head and chest fall forward.

Internal abdominal oblique External abdominal oblique

Internal oblique External oblique Iliocostalis lumborum

Sitting Side Reach Stretch Sit with one leg straight out to the side and your toes pointing up. Then bring your other foot up to your knee and let your head fall forward. Reach towards the outside of your toes with both Intertransversarii hands. Multifidus

Rotatores Obliques Semimembranosus

Sports injury where stretch may be useful Lower back muscle strain. Lower back ligament sprain. Abdominal muscle strain (obliques).

Rotating Stomach Stretch Lie face down and bring your hands close to your shoulders. Keep your hips on the ground, look forward and rise up by straightening your arms. Then slowly bend one arm and rotate that shoulder toward the ground. External oblique Psoas major and minor Quadratus lumborum Internal oblique Iliacus

Semitendinosus Biceps femoris

Sports injury where stretch may be useful Neck muscle strain. Whiplash. Cervical nerve stretch syndrome. Wryneck. Back muscle strain. Back ligament sprain.

Lie face down and bring your hands close to your shoulders. Keep your hips on the ground, look forward and rise up by straightening Rectus your arms. abdominis Internal oblique

Standing Reach-up Back Rotation Stretch Quadratus lumborum Internal abdominal oblique External abdominal oblique

Stand with your feet shoulder-width apart. Place your hands above your head while keeping your back and shoulders upright. Slowly rotate your shoulders to one side. Sports injury where stretch may be useful Back muscle strain. Back ligament sprain. Abdominal muscle strain (obliques).

Quadratus lumborum

Sports injury where stretch may be useful Back muscle strain. Back ligament sprain. Abdominal muscle strain (obliques).

Levator scapulae Trapezius

Sports injury where stretch may be useful Abdominal muscle strain. Hip flexor strain. Iliopsoas tendonitis.

Internal abdominal oblique External abdominal oblique

Semispinalis cervicis Semispinalis thoracis Spinalis thoracis Longissimus thoracis Iliocostalis lumborum

Sternocleidomastoideus

Rising Stomach Stretch

Psoas major Iliacus

Teres major Latissimus dorsi

Longissimus capitis Semispinalis capitis Splenius capitis

Sports injury where stretch may be useful Neck muscle strain. Whiplash. Cervical nerve stretch syndrome. Wryneck.

External intercostal Internal intercostal Transversus abdominis External oblique Psoas minor

Semispinalis cervicis Iliocostalis thoracis Spinalis thoracis

Semispinalis thoracis

Stand upright and let your chin fall forward towards your chest. Relax your shoulders and keep your hands by your side.

Interspinales Rotatores

Lateral Neck Stretch Levator scapulae Sternocleidomastoideus Trapezius Scalenus anterior Scalenus medius

Sports injury where stretch may be useful Neck muscle strain. Whiplash. Cervical nerve stretch syndrome. Wryneck. Back muscle strain. Back ligament sprain.

Lying Knee-to-chest Stretch Lie on your back and keep one leg flat on the ground. Use your hands to bring your other knee into your chest.

Look forward while keeping your head up. Slowly move your ear towards your shoulder while keeping your hands behind your back.

Sports injury where stretch may be useful Neck muscle strain. Whiplash. Cervical nerve stretch syndrome. Wryneck.

Gluteus maximus Iliocostalis lumborum Transversus abdominis Rectus abdominis

Sports injury where stretch may be useful Abdominal muscle strain. Hip flexor strain. Iliopsoas tendonitis.

US$19.97

Sports injury where stretch may be useful Lower back muscle strain. Lower back ligament sprain. Hamstring strain.

www.TheStretchingInstitute.com

Upper Body Stretches Bent Arm Chest Stretch Stand with your arm extended and your forearm at right angles to the ground. Rest your forearm against an immovable object and then turn your shoulders and body away from your extended arm.

Pectoralis minor Pectoralis major Anterior deltoid

Serratus anterior

Sports injury where stretch may be useful Dislocation. Subluxation. Acromioclavicular separation. Sternoclavicular separation. Impingement syndrome. Rotator cuff tendonitis. Shoulder bursitis. Frozen shoulder. Chest strain. Pectoral muscle insertion inflammation.

Parallel Arm Shoulder Stretch

Trapezius Supraspinatus Rhomboid minor Deltoid Rhomboid major Latissimus dorsi

Stretching is a simple and effective activity that helps to enhance athletic performance, decrease the likelihood of soft tissue injury and minimize muscle soreness. Other benefits include: improved range of movement; increased power; improved posture; and improved co-ordination. The Rules for Safe Stretching Slowly get into the stretch position and then hold each stretch for a minimum of 20 seconds. Remember, stretching can be extremely dangerous and harmful if done incorrectly, so please adhere to the following rules. • Never stretch an injury, or damaged soft tissue. • Warm-up prior to stretching. • Stretch before and after exercise. • Stretch all major muscles and their opposing muscle groups. • Stretch gently and slowly. • Stretch only to the point of tension. • Breathe slowly and easily while stretching.

Stand upright and clasp your hands together behind your back. Slowly lift your hands upward. Do not lean forward while lifting your hands upward. Anterior deltoid Brachialis Biceps brachii

Sports injury where stretch may be useful Dislocation. Subluxation. Acromioclavicular separation. Sternoclavicular separation. Impingement syndrome. Rotator cuff tendonitis. Shoulder bursitis. Frozen shoulder. Chest strain. Pectoral muscle insertion inflammation.

Above Head Chest Stretch Stand upright and interlock your fingers. Bend your arms and place them above your head while forcing your elbows and hands backwards. Vary the height of your hands.

All text and drawings taken from The Anatomy of Stretching by Brad Walker. Lotus Publishing, ISBN 978-1-905367-03-0. www.AnatomyOfStretching.com

Stand upright and place one arm across your body. Keep your arm parallel to the ground and pull your elbow towards your opposite shoulder. Sports injury where stretch may be useful Dislocation. Subluxation. Acromioclavicular separation. Sternoclavicular separation. Impingement syndrome. Rotator cuff tendonitis. Shoulder bursitis. Frozen shoulder.

Reaching Upper Back Stretch Trapezius Rhomboid minor Rhomboid major

Stand with your arms out in front and crossed over. Push your hands forward as far as possible and let your head fall forward. Sports injury where stretch may be useful Neck muscle strain. Whiplash. Cervical nerve stretch syndrome. Wryneck. Upper back muscle strain. Upper back ligament sprain.

Anterior deltoid Pectoralis minor Pectoralis major

Rotating Wrist Stretch

Latissimus dorsi Serratus anterior

Palms-out Wrist Stretch

Place one arm straight out in front and parallel to the ground. Rotate your wrist down and outwards and then use Brachioradialis your other Extensor digitorum hand to further Supinator (deep layer) Extensor carpi ulnaris rotate your hand Extensor pollicis brevis upwards. Extensor pollicis longus

Interlock your fingers in front of your chest and then straighten your arms and turn the palms of your hands outwards.

Sports injury where stretch may be useful Tennis elbow. Golfer’s elbow. Thrower’s elbow. Wrist sprain. Wrist dislocation. Wrist tendonitis. Carpel tunnel syndrome. Ulnar tunnel syndrome.

Sports injury where stretch may be useful Tennis elbow. Golfer’s elbow. Thrower’s elbow. Wrist sprain. Wrist dislocation. Wrist tendonitis. Carpel tunnel syndrome. Ulnar tunnel syndrome.

Stand with your knees bent. Cross your arms over and grab the back of your knees. Then start to rise upwards until you feel tension in your upper back and shoulders.

Flexor carpi ulnaris Flexor digitorum superficialis Flexor pollicis longus Flexor digitorum profundus

Palmaris longus Pronator teres Anconeus

Parallel Arm Chest Stretch

Triceps Stretch

Stand with your arm extended to the rear and parallel to the ground. Hold on to an immovable object and then turn your shoulders and body away from your outstretched arm.

Stand with your hand behind your neck and your elbow pointing upwards. Then use your other hand (or a rope or towel) to pull your elbow down.

Trapezius

Sports injury where stretch may be useful Dislocation. Subluxation. Acromioclavicular separation. Sternoclavicular separation. Impingement syndrome. Rotator cuff tendonitis. Shoulder bursitis. Frozen shoulder.

Bent-over Chest Stretch

Face a wall and place both hands on the wall just above your head. Slowly lower your shoulders as if moving your chin toward the ground.

Sports injury where stretch may be useful Dislocation. Subluxation. Acromioclavicular separation. Sternoclavicular separation. Impingement syndrome. Rotator cuff tendonitis. Shoulder bursitis. Frozen shoulder. Chest strain. Pectoral muscle insertion inflammation.

Flexor digitorum superficialis

Latissimus dorsi

Flexor carpi ulnaris

Sports injury where stretch may be useful Elbow sprain. Elbow dislocation. Elbow bursitis. Triceps tendon rupture.

Elbow-out Rotator Stretch

Arm-up Rotator Stretch

Stand with your hand behind the middle of your back and your elbow pointing out. Reach over with your other hand and gently pull your elbow forward.

Stand with your arm out and your forearm pointing upwards at 90 degrees. Place a broomstick in your hand and behind your elbow. With your other hand pull the bottom of the broomstick forward.

Biceps brachii Triceps brachii

Supraspinatus Infraspinatus Teres minor Teres major

Sports injury where stretch may be useful Biceps tendon rupture. Bicepital tendonitis. Biceps strain. Elbow strain. Elbow dislocation. Elbow bursitis. Tennis elbow. Golfer’s elbow. Thrower’s elbow.

Place the tips of your fingers together and push your palms toward each other.

Triceps brachii Teres minor Teres major

Anterior deltoid Pectoralis minor Pectoralis major

Sternocleidomastoideus Deltoid Pectoralis major

While crouching on your knees with your forearms facing forward and hands pointing backwards, slowly move Biceps brachii rearward. Brachioradialis

Finger Stretch

Brachioradialis Brachialis Biceps brachii

Sports injury where stretch may be useful Dislocation. Subluxation. Acromioclavicular separation. Sternoclavicular separation. Impingement syndrome. Rotator cuff tendonitis. Shoulder bursitis. Frozen shoulder. Biceps tendon rupture. Bicepital tendonitis. Biceps strain. Chest strain. Pectoral muscle insertion inflammation.

Sports injury where stretch may be useful Impingement syndrome. Rotator cuff tendonitis. Shoulder bursitis. Frozen shoulder. Chest strain. Pectoral muscle insertion inflammation.

Kneeling Forearm Stretch

Flexor carpi radialis

Cross Over Shoulder Stretch

Anterior deltoid Teres major Pectoralis minor Pectoralis major Serratus anterior

Behind the Back Chest Stretch

Subscapularis

Teres major

Teres minor

Sports injury where stretch may be useful Tennis elbow. Golfer’s elbow. Thrower’s elbow. Wrist sprain. Wrist dislocation. Wrist tendonitis. Carpel tunnel syndrome. Ulnar tunnel syndrome.

Fingers-down Wrist Stretch Hold on to your fingers while straightening your arm. Pull your fingers toward your body. Extensor carpi radialis brevis Extensor carpi radialis longus

Extensor digitorum Extensor indicis (deep layer) Extensor digiti minimi Extensor carpi ulnaris

Sports injury where stretch may be useful Tennis elbow. Golfer’s elbow. Thrower’s elbow. Wrist sprain. Wrist dislocation. Wrist tendonitis. Carpel tunnel syndrome. Ulnar tunnel syndrome.

Teres major

US$19.97

Sports injury where stretch may be useful Dislocation. Subluxation. Acromioclavicular separation. Sternoclavicular separation. Impingement syndrome. Rotator cuff tendonitis. Shoulder bursitis. Frozen shoulder.

Sports injury where stretch may be useful Dislocation. Subluxation. Acromioclavicular separation. Sternoclavicular separation. Impingement syndrome. Rotator cuff tendonitis. Shoulder bursitis. Frozen shoulder.

www.TheStretchingInstitute.com

View more...

Comments

Copyright © 2017 KUPDF Inc.
SUPPORT KUPDF